Late Martian Weather!
Martian Temperature and
Images of the Martian
Lessons & Activities
Daily Martian Weather Report
The Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science Team will be acquiring thousands
of profiles of the martian atmosphere during the course of the MGS mission.
The main mapping phase of the mission began in March, 1999. The atmospheric
profiles include precise temperature and pressure measurements as a
function of height above the martian surface, and will allow Team members
to observe the weather on Mars for a complete martian year (687 days).
The Team is sharing some of this data with the participants in this outreach
program. Students have access to martian weather data soon as results are
available, and they may compare the martian weather data with their own
observations of Earth's atmosphere.
Tools to access the martian atmospheric data and to view graphs of the data
and the experimental conditions on Mars when the data were acquired are
available on this Web site. Tools are also available for students to upload
their own measurements of Earth's atmosphere and to view graphs of these
observations. In addition, an extensive set of introductory lessons and
activities are available to acquaint students with the fundamentals of
atmospheres, weather and climate. The site also includes a detailed
Teacher's Guide for educators who register one or more of their classes
for this program.
information about the outreach program is available.
If you are a teacher and are interested in participating in the program,
firstname.lastname@example.org. If you
would like to be kept informed about the status of the MGS mission and
the outreach program, please consider subscribing to the program's
Martian meteorological data are now
The MGS Radio Science Team acquired raw data from the
atmosphere of Mars between late January and the middle of April, 1998.
The Team has processed all of the raw data and has made the results
available to participants in this outreach program. We began to acquire new
meteorological data from Mars in late November, 1998. This campaign of
atmospheric observations continued through the end of December. Results
from this campaign are also now available on this site. The main mapping
phase of the MGS mission began in March, 1999. The mapping phase of the
mission is expected to continue for one martian year. The team is posting
their results from this phase of the mission as as they become available.
Visit this page to find the dates for which data are
available, and use the tools to retrieve the data
and to generate graphs of the data and the conditions under which it was
acquired! The latest martian weather
observations may also be seen at a glance, along with a map of Mars
showing the locations of all of the atmospheric measurements to date. You
may click on the location of any observation to see the surface weather
information for that point! Selected
temperature and pressure
profiles of the martian atmosphere have also been posted. These
profiles show the vertical structure of the atmosphere at the time and
place where a radio occultation experiment was conducted!
- Visit this page for a brief summary of the MGS mission, the MGS Radio
Science Team and their investigation of the martian atmosphere, and the
MGS Radio Science Team Education Outreach Program.
- Consult this page to find out more about the MGS Radio Science Team
Education Outreach Program mailing list. Instructions for subscribing to
the list are included. Any person with an interest in the outreach program
is welcome and encouraged to subscribe!
- This guide details the purpose and goals of the outreach program,
and describes for educators the nuts and bolts of how the program is
Late Mission & Outreach Program
- Last updated July 27, 1999. Read the latest news about the MGS
mission and the MGS Radio Science Team education outreach program.
To catch up on previous news reports, see the
Mission and Outreach Program News Archive.
Late Martian Weather!
- Visit this page to see the latest martian weather observations at a
glance. The page also includes a color-coded topographic map of Mars with
the locations of all of the atmospheric measurements of the MGS Radio
and Pressure Profiles!
- Selected profiles of the martian atmosphere are posted on this page. The
profiles illustrate how the temperature and pressure of the atmosphere vary
with height above the surface of Mars. All of the data which is made available
to participants in this outreach program by the MGS Radio Science Team is
obtained from profiles like these!
Images of the
- This page contains links to incredible images of martian atmospheric and
weather phenomena (with captions) from the MGS Mars Orbiter Camera, the
Mars Pathfinder and the Hubble Space Telescope!
- This department contains dozens of questions about the atmospheres of Earth
and Mars which participants in the MGS Radio Science Team education outreach
program may answer based on the martian meteorological data provided to
them by the MGS RST and data from Earth's atmosphere recorded by outreach
program participants. Many of the questions are not easy!
Introductory Lessons & Activities
- Together with a local teaching consultant, an extensive set of
lessons and activities have been developed to provide program
participants with an introduction to atmospheres, weather and climate.
Participants who study the lessons and perform some or all of the
activities before they first access the martian atmospheric data
will be in a position to better understand the data and will be able
to make more meaningful comparisons between the martian data and their
own observations of Earth's atmosphere.
Data Transfer & Visualization Tools
- Simple forms have been created which allow students to transfer
martian atmospheric data from the Web server at Stanford, and to upload
their own local atmospheric measurements to the outreach program database
at Stanford. Another form has been created which allows students to retrieve
their own atmospheric measurements from the Stanford Web server. Forms have
also been created which allow students to generate and view graphs of the
martian atmospheric data and of the experimental conditions on Mars when
the data were acquired, and to generate and view graphs of the atmospheric
measurements of all of the program participants. Hopefully, a tool will also
be available for students to view weather maps generated from the collective
data of all of the participants!
Who Are The Participants?
- Find out which classes are participating in the MGS Radio Science Team
Education Outreach Program.
Daily Martian Weather Report
- This Web site contains information about the MGS Radio Science Team and
their investigation of the martian atmosphere with radio occultation
techniques. It describes how the Team uses radio transmissions from the
MGS spacecraft to probe the martian atmosphere and determine its structure.
Once the Team begins to acquire martian atmospheric data, the site will
include a daily weather report for the red planet.
Last updated: October 12, 1999
Joe Twicken /