STANFORD UNIVERSITY
EE 350 RADIOSCIENCE SEMINAR
Professor Umran S. Inan

Winter 1999-00

Date: Wednesday, March 1, 2000
Time: 4:15-5:30 PM; Refreshments at 4:00 PM
Location: 380-380X


Lidar Contributions to Noctilucent Cloud Studies: A Global Change Indicator?

Dr. Jeff Thayer SRI, International, Menlo Park

Abstract

Noctilucent clouds are optically thin clouds that appear in the summer polar regions at an altitude of about 83 km. These clouds are made up of small ice particles that grow (radius < 100 nm) under the cold temperature conditions (T < 150 K) of the summer mesopause region. While noctilucent clouds (NLCs) have been known to exist for over 100 years, the processes that govern their formation and evolution remain elusive. This is due to the lack of measurements in and around the summer mesopause region. NLCs have been linked to global change processes as their supply of water vapor is provided by methane oxidation in the middle atmosphere and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations near the mesopause may augment the cold temperatures. Therefore, long term monitoring of NLC characteristics and their behavior may indicate important changes taking place in the mesosphere environment related to the rise in greenhouse gases. Lidars operating at high latitudes in the summer months have begun to contribute significantly to the study of NLCs by providing accurate measurements of the cloud’s height, thickness, backscatter strength, surrounding temperature environment, and temporal evolution. This presentation will review the characteristics of noctilucent clouds and their connection to greenhouse gases, discuss the lidar technique and its application to middle atmospheric research, summarize the contributions of lidars to NLC studies and discuss the aspects of lidars monitoring long-term changes in NLC characteristics.